Understanding Nutrition Words start with A

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Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) and Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP) - molecules that serve as the universal energy transporter and source for all plants and animals. When ATP breaks down into ADP a phosphate group and energy are released. This energy is used to power our body's cells. During periods of inactivity, the reverse reaction takes place, and the phosphate group is reattached to the molecule using energy obtained from food.

Amino acid – an organic compound containing both a carboxyl (—COOH) and an amino (—NH2) group along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid. Amino acids are mostly building blocks of proteins. In our body, the 20 standard amino acids listed in a table below, are used to synthesize proteins and other biomolecules or are oxidized to urea and carbon dioxide, so they are used as a source of energy.

Anthocyanidins - specific chemical compounds from bioflavonoids group that are responsible for the pigmentation of various fruits and vegetables. They are most widely known for their antioxidant properties. They prevent the oxidization of certain compounds and fight attacks on the body from harmful chemicals, so they have anti-carcinogen properties and support a heart health.

Antioxidant – is a chemical substance that helps protect against cell damage from free radicals. Well-known antioxidants include vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, and flavonoids.

Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) - is an essential water-soluble vitamin that has a wide range of functions in the human body. One of the most important functions is acting as an antioxidant and for example protecting low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which transports cholesterol, from oxidative damage. When LDL is damaged, the cholesterol is not transported correctly and this situation leads to heart disease. Vitamin C may also protect against heart disease by reducing the stiffness of arteries and the tendency of platelets to coagulate in veins.

 

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